Frequently Asked Questions¶
1. About Pylint¶
1.1 What is Pylint?¶
Pylint is a static code checker, meaning it can analyse your code without actually running it. Pylint checks for errors, tries to enforce a coding standard, and tries to enforce a coding style.
2.1 How do I install Pylint?¶
Everything should be explained on Installation.
2.2 What kind of versioning system does Pylint use?¶
Pylint uses git. To get the latest version of Pylint from the repository, simply invoke
git clone https://github.com/PyCQA/pylint
2.3 What are Pylint's dependencies?¶
Pylint depends on astroid and a couple of other packages. See the following section for details on what versions of Python are supported.
2.4 What versions of Python is Pylint supporting?¶
The supported running environment since Pylint 2.12.1 is Python 3.6.2+.
3. Running Pylint¶
3.1 Can I give pylint a file as an argument instead of a module?¶
Pylint expects the name of a package or module as its argument. As a convenience, you can give it a file name if it's possible to guess a module name from the file's path using the python path. Some examples :
"pylint mymodule.py" should always work since the current working directory is automatically added on top of the python path
"pylint directory/mymodule.py" will work if "directory" is a python package (i.e. has an __init__.py file), an implicit namespace package or if "directory" is in the python path.
"pylint /whatever/directory/mymodule.py" will work if either:
"/whatever/directory" is in the python path
your cwd is "/whatever/directory"
- "directory" is a python package and "/whatever" is in the python
"directory" is an implicit namespace package and is in the python path.
- "directory" is a python package and your cwd is "/whatever" and so
3.2 Where is the persistent data stored to compare between successive runs?¶
Analysis data are stored as a pickle file in a directory which is localized using the following rules:
value of the PYLINTHOME environment variable if set
"pylint" subdirectory of the user's XDG_CACHE_HOME if the environment variable is set, otherwise
Mac OS X: "~/Library/Caches/pylint"
".pylint.d" directory in the current directory
3.3 How do I find the option name (for pylintrc) corresponding to a specific command line option?¶
You can generate a sample pylintrc file with --generate-rcfile Every option present on the command line before this will be included in the rc file
pylint --disable=bare-except,invalid-name --class-rgx='[A-Z][a-z]+' --generate-rcfile
3.4 I'd rather not run Pylint from the command line. Can I integrate it with my editor?¶
Much probably. Read Editor and IDE integration
4. Message Control¶
4.1 How to disable a particular message?¶
For a single line : Add
#pylint: disable=some-message,another-one at the
end of the desired line of code. Since Pylint 2.10 you can also use
#pylint: disable-next=... on the line just above the problem.
... in the following example is a short hand for the list of
messages you want to disable.
For larger disable : You can add
#pylint: disable=... at the block level to
disable for the block. It's possible to enable for the reminder of the block
#pylint: enable=... A block is either a scope (say a function, a module),
or a multiline statement (try, finally, if statements, for loops).
It's currently impossible to disable inside an else block
Read Messages control for details and examples.
4.2 Is there a way to disable a message for a particular module only?¶
Yes, you can disable or enable (globally disabled) messages at the module level by adding the corresponding option in a comment at the top of the file:
# pylint: disable=wildcard-import, method-hidden # pylint: enable=too-many-lines
4.3 How can I tell Pylint to never check a given module?¶
#pylint: skip-file at the beginning of the module.
In order to ease finding which modules are ignored an Information-level message file-ignored is emitted.
4.4 Do I have to remember all these numbers?¶
No, you can use symbolic names for messages:
# pylint: disable=fixme, line-too-long
4.5 I have a callback function where I have no control over received arguments. How do I avoid getting unused argument warnings?¶
Prefix (ui) the callback's name by cb_, as in cb_onclick(...). By doing so arguments usage won't be checked. Another solution is to use one of the names defined in the "dummy-variables" configuration variable for unused argument ("_" and "dummy" by default).
4.6 What is the format of the configuration file?¶
Pylint uses ConfigParser from the standard library to parse the configuration file. It means that if you need to disable a lot of messages, you can use tricks like:
# disable wildcard-import, method-hidden and too-many-lines because I do # not want it disable= wildcard-import, method-hidden, too-many-lines
4.7 Why are there a bunch of messages disabled by default?¶
pylint does have some messages disabled by default, either because they are prone to false positives or that they are opinionated enough for not being included as default messages.
You can see the plugin you need to explicitly load in the technical reference
4.8 I am using another popular linter alongside pylint. Which messages should I disable to avoid duplicates?¶
pycodestyle: unneeded-not, line-too-long, unnecessary-semicolon, trailing-whitespace, missing-final-newline, bad-indentation, multiple-statements, bare-except
pyflakes: undefined-variable, unused-import, unused-variable
pydocstyle: missing-module-docstring, missing-class-docstring, missing-function-docstring
pep8-naming: invalid-name, bad-classmethod-argument, bad-mcs-classmethod-argument, no-self-argument
5. Classes and Inheritance¶
5.1 When is Pylint considering a class as an abstract class?¶
A class is considered as an abstract class if at least one of its methods is doing nothing but raising NotImplementedError.
5.2 How do I avoid "access to undefined member" messages in my mixin classes?¶
To do so you have to set the ignore-mixin-members option to "yes" (this is the default value) and name your mixin class with a name which ends with "Mixin" or "mixin" (default) or change the default value by changing the mixin-class-rgx option.
6.1 Pylint gave my code a negative rating out of ten. That can't be right!¶
Even though the final rating Pylint renders is nominally out of ten, there's no lower bound on it. By default, the formula to calculate score is
10.0 - ((float(5 * error + warning + refactor + convention) / statement) * 10)
However, this option can be changed in the Pylint rc file. If having negative values really bugs you, you can set the formula to be the maximum of 0 and the above expression.
6.2 I think I found a bug in Pylint. What should I do?¶
6.3 I have a question about Pylint that isn't answered here.¶
Read Discord server